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October 15, 2018, 05:08:34 PM

Author Topic: Poland, Chorkówka, Bobrka oil museum  (Read 303 times)

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Frank de Wit

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Poland, Chorkówka, Bobrka oil museum
« Reply #1 on: November 04, 2017, 11:28:32 AM »
Muzeum Przemysłu Naftowego i Gazowniczego im. Ignacego Łukasiewicza
Bobrka oil museum

Petroleum natural seepage in the forest of Bóbrka had been seen for ages but only in 1854 an oil well was set up and the upstream industrial production began. The pioneers of the oil industry and founders ofthe oil field in Bóbrka were Ignacy Łukasiewicz – a quiet and Modest pharmacist; Tytus Trzecieski – a landowner and initiator of establishing the oil field and Karol Klobassa-Zrencki – the owner of the Bóbrka village.
Their cooperation,energy and business-like approach led to setting up the world’s first comprehensive upstream and downstream petroleum company. Before Łukasiewicz tied his life with the oil field in Bóbrka, he had worked in “Pod gwiazdą” (“Undera Star”) pharmacy in Lvov, belonging to Piotr Mikolasch. From 1852, together with Jan Zeh, he made experiments with petroleum. The first attempts at distillation were focused on obtaining Oleum Petrae album, a medicinal preparation.
Later, the assistant pharmacists directed their research towards isolating from petroleum a substance which would be suitable as a fuel for oil lamps.They succeeded in obtaining kerosene fraction, tapped within the temperature range of 200-250°C,devoid of light naphtha and petrol and also separated from heavy hydrocarbons, which are components of technical oils. When he had kerosene, Łukasiewicz commissioned Adam Bratkowski, a Lvovian tinsmith, to construct a lamp which would be suitable for physical and chemical properties of the new product.
For the first time kerosene lamps were lit publicly on 31st July, 1853 in a Lvovian hospital in the Łyczaków borough. The new lighting was used during a successful surgical operation and the date of 31st July, 1853 was recorded in history as a symbolic date of birth of the Polish oil industry.

Bóbrka Kopalniana 35, 38-458 Chorkówka, Poland

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