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February 03, 2023, 10:58:58 AM

Author Topic: 2022, IUGS, First 100 IUGS Geological Heritage Sites  (Read 134 times)

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Frank de Wit

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Re: 2022, IUGS, First 100 IUGS Geological Heritage Sites
« Reply #2 on: November 01, 2022, 09:12:08 PM »
HISTORY OF GEOSCIENCES 17
001 Siccar Point (Hutton’s Unconformity) 22
002 The Quaternary Phlegrean Fields volcanic complex 24
003 Mohorovičić discontinuity at Gros Morne National Park 26
004 The Holocene Puy-de-Dôme and Petit-Puy-de-Dôme volcanoes 28
005 The Paleocene volcanic rocks of the Giant’s Causeway and Causeway coast 30
006 Funafuti Atoll 32
007 Capelinhos volcano 34
008 Taburiente volcanic Caldera in La Palma Island 36
009 Quaternary glacial varves of Ragunda 38
010 Genbudo Cave 40
011 GSSP for the Silurian-Devonian boundary at Klonk Hill 42

STRATIGRAPHY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY 45
012 Archean Barberton Greenstone Belt 50
013 Paleoproterozoic Banded Iron Formation of the Quadrilátero Ferrífero 52
014 Glacial record of the Marinoan snowball Earth 54
015 The Cambrian Explosion in Sirius Passet 56
016 The Great Unconformity at Grand Canyon 58
017 The Ordovician rocks of the Mount Everest 60
018 Permian-Triassic great extinction and GSSPs of Meishan 62
019 Carboniferous – Triassic Unconformity in Telheiro 64
020 Cretaceous to Paleogene stratigraphic section of Bottaccione Gorge, Gubbio 66
021 Cretaceous-Paleogene transition at Seymour (Marambio) Island 68
022 Cretaceous – Paleogene stratigraphic section of Zumaia 70
023 GSSP of the Meghalayan Stage in the Mawmluh Cave 72

PALEONTOLOGY 75
024 Ediacaran fossil site of Mistaken Point 80
025 Ediacaran fossils in the Ediacra Hills, Flinders Ranges, Australia 82
026 Cambrian Chengjiang Fossil Site and Lagerstätte 84
027 Burgess Shale Cambrian Palaeontological Record 86
028 Ordovician Fezouata Shale fossil site at Jbel Tizagzaouine 88
029 Middle Ordovician giant trilobites of Canelas quarry 90
030 Devonian Tetrapod Trackways of Holy Cross Mountains 92
031 “Coal Age” Joggins Fossil Cliffs 94
032 Late Permian Tete Fossil Forest 96
033 The Ammonite Slab of Digne-les-Bains 98
034 Jurassic Solnhofen-Eichstätt Archaeopteryx Serial Site 100
035 Marine Reptile Lagerstätte from the Lower Cretaceous of the Ricaurte Alto 102
036 Dinosaur Provincial Park 104
037 Late Cretaceous rudist bivalves of the Caribbean Province 106
038 Eocene paleontological record of Messel Pit Fossil Site 108
039 Miocene primates paleontological site of Napak 110
040 Lesvos Early Miocene Petrified Forest 112
041 Palaeoanthropological Sites of Human Evolution of Laetoli – Olduvai Gorge 114
042 Late Quaternary asphalt seeps and paleontological site of La Brea Tar Pits 116

IGNEOUS AND METAMORPHIC PETROLOGY 119
043 Archean Zircons of Erawondoo Hill 124
044 The Hadean to Eoarchean Nuvvuagittuq greenstone belt 126
045 Archean Rocks of the Eastern Beartooth Mountains 128
046 The Stillwater Complex 130
047 Early Cretaceous Rhyolitic Columnar Rock Formation of Hong Kong 132
048 Richat Structure, a Cretaceous Alkaline Complex 134
049 The Miocene Torres del Paine intrusive complex 136
050 Mount Kinabalu Neogene Granite 138

VOLCANOLOGY 141
051 The Danakil Rift depression and its volcanism 146
052 The Quaternary Cameroon Volcano 148
053 The historic scoria cone of the Jabal Qidr 150
054 The Pleistocene Kilimanjaro Volcano 152
055 The Holocene Ulmen maar 154
056 The 1905-1911 Matavanu volcanic eruption 156
057 The active Yasur–Yenkahe volcanic complex 158
058 La Isla de Ometepe: Quaternary volcanoes in the Lake Nicaragua sedimentary basin 160
059 The Poás Volcano 162
060 The Nevado del Ruiz Quaternary Volcanic Complex 164
061 The Cotacachi - Cuicocha volcanic complex 166
062 The Quaternary Santorini Caldera 168
063 The vapor phase ignimbrites of Sillar in the Añashuayco Quarries of Arequipa 170
064 The pyroclastic deposits from the Huaynaputina volcano eruption 1600 CE 172
065 The Miocene Cappadocian Ignimbrites sequence 174
066 El Tatio geothermal field 176
067 The Yellowstone volcanic and hydrothermal system 178

TECTONICS 181
068 Ynys Llanddwyn late Neoproterozoic-Cambrian Mélange 186
069 Namakdan Salt Cave 188
070 The Moine Thrust Zone 190
071 Upper Jurassic ophiolitic sequence in La Désirade Island 192
072 The South Tibetan Detachment System in the Rongbuk Valley 194
073 Northern Snake Range metamorphic core complex 196
074 Nojima Fault 198

MINERALOGY 201
075 Tsumeb Ore Deposit 206
076 The giant mercury deposit of the Almadén syncline 208
077 Deposits of Amethyst of Los Catalanes Gemological District 210

GEOMORPHOLOGY AND ACTIVE GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES 213
078 Uluru inselberg 218
079 The Sugar Loaf monolith of Rio de Janeiro 220
080 Shilin Karst 222
081 Tsingy of Bemaraha 224
082 La Puerta del Diablo inverted relief 226
083 Quaternary interglacial coral and marine uplifted terraces of Maisí, Cuba 228
084 The Grand Canyon 230
085 Iguazú/Iguaçu waterfalls 232
086 Mosi-oa-Tunya/Victoria Falls 234
087 Dry Falls and the Channeled Scabland 236
088 Jutulhogget Canyon 238
089 Perito Moreno Glacier 240
090 Rockglaciers of the Engadine 242
091 The Okavango Delta 244
092 Yardang (Kalut) in the Lut Desert 246
093 Namib Sand Sea 248
094 Bilutu megadunes and lakes in the Badain Jaran Desert 250
095 Vajont landslide 252
096 Pamukkale Travertines 254
097 Puquios of the Llamara salt flat 256
098 Škocjan Caves in the Classical Karst 258
099 Sac Actun Underwater Cave System 260

IMPACT STRUCTURES AND EXTRATERRESTRIAL ROCKS 263
100 Domo de Araguainha Impact Structure 268

Frank de Wit

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